Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell
Samuel Corum/Getty Images
Stocks fell Monday after Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell left the door open to the prospect of bigger rate hikes to bring down inflation, but equity benchmarks finished above session lows.
Shares of Boeing Co.
the Dow’s biggest loser, fell after a Boeing 737 passenger plane operated by China Eastern Airlines and carrying 132 people slammed into the mountains of southern China.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average
finished lower by 201.94 points, or 0.6%, at 34,552.99 after dropping as much as 413 points. Dow industrials had their largest one-day point and percentage decline since March 11, snapping a five-trading-day winning streak, according to Dow Jones Market Data.
The S&P 500
closed slightly down by 1.94 points, or less than 0.1%, at 4,461.18.
The Nasdaq Composite
finished lower by 55.38 points, or 0.4%, at 13,838.46.
The S&P 500 and Nasdaq both snapped four-day winning streaks.
What drove markets?
All three major stock indexes dropped and Treasurys aggressively sold off on Monday as Powell, speaking to the National Association for Business Economics, repeated that the central bank could deliver rate increases of larger than 25 basis points each at future meetings if policy makers deem it necessary in their fight to control inflation.
The Fed chief underlined the need to tighten monetary policy at a quick pace, adding that upward pressure on prices from the invasion of Ukraine comes at a time of “already too high inflation.”
“If we conclude that it is appropriate to move more aggressively by raising the federal funds rate by more than 25 basis points at a meeting or meetings, we will do so,” he said.
Powell also pushed back against fears the Fed can’t aggressively raise rates without tipping the economy into recession, arguing that the central bank previously achieved soft landings as it tightened policy significantly in 1965, 1984 and 1994.
“What he did was underscore the flexibility that the Fed has and make it clear the Fed could hike faster and by a greater amount,” said Marc Chandler, chief market strategist at Bannockburn Global Forex, in a phone interview. “The stock market didn’t like it and neither did the bond market.”
Equities have gained ground since the start of the Federal Reserve’s first rate-hike campaign since 2015-2018, which included a quarter-point hike last week and the prospect of a total of 10 or 11 quarter-point hikes through 2023.
Earlier in the day, Atlanta Federal Reserve Bank President Raphael Bostic, a nonvoting policy maker this year, told the National Association for Business Economics that “elevated levels of uncertainty” have tempered his confidence that an “extremely aggressive rate path” is appropriate for the Fed.
Developments in Russia’s war on Ukraine also remained on investors’ radar. On Monday, Ukrainian officials rejected a Russian demand that their forces in Mariupol surrender as the U.K. Ministry of Defence said that heavy fighting continues north of Kyiv. Meanwhile, the U.S. is sending secretly-acquired Soviet-made air defense equipment to Ukraine.
In a pandemic-related update, Dr. Anthony Fauci, President Joe Biden’s chief medical adviser, said that the BA.2 subvariant of the omicron variant of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 will probably cause an uptick in U.S. cases similar to the one currently occurring in Europe.
Which companies were in focus?
shares finished 3.6% lower after China state media reported that a 737 airliner crashed. The plane was a 737-800, not the 737 Max, which has yet to resume commercial flying in China, according to The Wall Street Journal.
In deal-making news, Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc. BRK.A BRK.B struck an $11.6 billion, all-cash deal to buy property-and-casualty reinsurance company Alleghany Corp. Y, the companies announced Monday. The $848.02 per share price is 1.26 times book value as of Dec. 31 and a 29% premium to its average price over the last 30 days, the companies said. Alleghany shares closed up by 25% at $844.60, while Berkshire Hathaway’s B shares finished 2.1% higher.
Nielsen Holdings PLC NLSN rejected a roughly $9 billion takeover offer from a private-equity consortium, saying that it undervalues the TV-ratings company. Nielsen shares closed down by 6.9%.
Private-equity firm Thoma Bravo LP reached a deal to buy software maker Anaplan Inc.
for $10.7 billion, The Wall Street Journal reported, citing people familiar with the matter. Anaplan shares finished 28% higher.
How did other assets fare?
The yield on the 10-year Treasury note
rose 16.9 basis points to 2.315%. That’s the highest level since May 24, 2019, and the largest one-day gain in two years, based on 3 p.m. levels, according to Dow Jones Market Data. Yields and debt prices move opposite each other.
The ICE U.S. Dollar Index
a measure of the currency against a basket of six major rivals, was up 0.3%.
declined 0.2% to trade at $41,215.
West Texas Intermediate crude for April delivery
rose $7.42, or 7.1%, to settle at $112.12 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange; the settlement was the highest for a front-month contact since March 8, according to FactSet data. April gold futures settled at $1,929.50 an ounce, up 20 cents for the Comex session.
— Steve Goldstein contributed to this article.